Do you know the primary goals of the Chandrayaan-3 expedition?

Do you know the primary goals of the Chandrayaan-3 expedition?

Chandrayaan-3 has successfully initiated its ascent from Sriharikota, thereby advancing India's space exploration endeavors to unprecedented levels. The GSLV Mark 3 (LVM 3) heavy-lift launch vehicle has taken off seamlessly from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Andhra Pradesh's Sriharikota, by the predetermined launch schedule.

The mission objectives of Chandrayaan-3 involve:

1-To demonstrate a safe and soft landing on the lunar surface:

Chandrayaan-3 is scheduled to make a soft landing on the lunar surface at precisely 5:47 pm on August 23. The mission is equipped with six payloads that will be utilized to conduct a comprehensive study of the lunar soil and capture high-quality photographs of Earth from the lunar orbit. The lander possesses the ability to softly land at a predetermined lunar site and subsequently deploy the rover, which will undertake in-situ chemical analysis of the Moon's surface during its mobility.

2-To demonstrate the rover operating on the Moon, and to conduct in-situ scientific experiments:

Both the lander and the rover are carrying scientific payloads to carry out experiments on the lunar surface. 

It also involves:

*Study the moon's atmosphere:

Throughout its 14-day mission, which constitutes one Lunar day, Chandrayaan-3 will undertake a series of pioneering experiments utilizing its payloads RAMBHA and ILSA. These experiments will investigate the atmosphere of the moon and excavate its surface to enhance our comprehension of its mineral composition.

*Study seismic activity on the moon:

The lander Vikram will photograph the rover Pragyaan which will deploy its instruments to study seismic activity on the moon. Pragyaan will use its laser beams to melt a piece of the lunar surface, called regolith, and analyze the gases emitted in the process.

*Measure the density of charged particles:

Another payload, the Radio Anatomy of Moon Bound Hypersensitive Ionosphere and Atmosphere (RAMBHA), will measure the density of charged particles near the lunar surface and how it changes over time.

*Measure the chemical and mineralogical composition:

Furthermore, the Alpha Particle X-Ray Spectrometer (APXS) shall ascertain the chemical composition and deduce the mineralogical composition of the lunar surface, whereas the Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscope (LIBS) shall establish the elemental composition of the lunar soil.

3-How will it avoid the moon's frigid night temperatures?

To circumvent the exceedingly low nocturnal temperatures of -232 degrees Celsius on the moon, the lunar lander of Chandrayaan-3 shall be dispatched to the southernmost point of the lunar surface, specifically at a latitude of 70 degrees, before the onset of night.

4-The final objective:

Using this mission, India shall not solely acquire a plethora of information regarding the lunar surface, but also its prospective suitability for human inhabitation in the forthcoming times.

Also, Read:

*Chandrayaan-3 successfully takes off from Sriharikota:

*Analyzing the Factors Behind the Failure of India's Chandrayaan 2 Mission:

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